Document
P1MP2MP5DP5DP1MP2MP1Mfalse--12-31Q12020000100520114301000412300000.05198520.3235198P3Y0 0001005201 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0001005201 2020-05-06 0001005201 2020-03-31 0001005201 2019-12-31 0001005201 us-gaap:ConvertibleDebtMember 2020-03-31 0001005201 us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember 2020-03-31 0001005201 us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember 2019-12-31 0001005201 us-gaap:ConvertibleDebtMember 2019-12-31 0001005201 2019-01-01 2019-03-31 0001005201 asrt:RoyaltiesAndMilestonesMember 2019-01-01 2019-03-31 0001005201 us-gaap:ProductMember 2019-01-01 2019-03-31 0001005201 asrt:NUCYNTAMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0001005201 asrt:GraliseMember 2019-01-01 2019-03-31 0001005201 asrt:NUCYNTAMember 2019-01-01 2019-03-31 0001005201 us-gaap:ProductMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0001005201 asrt:CommercializationAgreementMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0001005201 asrt:CommercializationAgreementMember 2019-01-01 2019-03-31 0001005201 asrt:GraliseMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0001005201 asrt:RoyaltiesAndMilestonesMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0001005201 us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember 2019-03-31 0001005201 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0001005201 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2019-03-31 0001005201 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2019-01-01 2019-03-31 0001005201 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2019-01-01 2019-03-31 0001005201 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0001005201 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2019-03-31 0001005201 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0001005201 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2020-03-31 0001005201 us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember 2018-12-31 0001005201 2018-12-31 0001005201 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2019-12-31 0001005201 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2019-01-01 2019-03-31 0001005201 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2018-12-31 0001005201 2019-03-31 0001005201 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2018-12-31 0001005201 us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember 2020-03-31 0001005201 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2020-03-31 0001005201 us-gaap:ConvertibleDebtMember us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0001005201 us-gaap:ConvertibleDebtMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0001005201 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2019-12-31 0001005201 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2019-12-31 0001005201 us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember 2019-12-31 0001005201 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2018-12-31 0001005201 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2019-03-31 0001005201 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2020-03-31 0001005201 us-gaap:ConvertibleDebtMember 2019-01-01 2019-03-31 0001005201 us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember 2019-01-01 2019-03-31 0001005201 us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0001005201 asrt:GraliseMember srt:MinimumMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0001005201 asrt:CollegiumPharmaceuticalIncMember asrt:AmendedCommercializationAgreementMember 2018-11-08 0001005201 asrt:LazandaMember srt:MinimumMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0001005201 asrt:ConvertibleSeniorNotes2.5AndConvertibleSeniorNotes5.0Member us-gaap:ConvertibleDebtMember 2020-02-19 0001005201 asrt:LazandaMember srt:MaximumMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0001005201 asrt:ConvertibleSeniorNotes2.5Member us-gaap:ConvertibleDebtMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0001005201 asrt:ConvertibleSeniorNotes2.5AndConvertibleSeniorNotes5.0Member us-gaap:ConvertibleDebtMember 2020-03-11 0001005201 us-gaap:DisposalGroupDisposedOfBySaleNotDiscontinuedOperationsMember asrt:NUCYNTAMember 2020-02-13 2020-02-13 0001005201 srt:ScenarioForecastMember asrt:ZylaLifeSciencesMember us-gaap:CommonStockMember us-gaap:SubsequentEventMember 2020-04-01 2020-06-30 0001005201 asrt:ZipsorMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0001005201 asrt:GraliseMember srt:MaximumMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0001005201 srt:MinimumMember asrt:PerformanceBasedRestrictedStockUnitsMember asrt:EquityIncentivePlan2014Member 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0001005201 srt:MaximumMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0001005201 us-gaap:DisposalGroupDisposedOfBySaleNotDiscontinuedOperationsMember asrt:GraliseMember 2020-01-10 0001005201 asrt:CAMBIAMember srt:MaximumMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0001005201 asrt:ZylaLifeSciencesMember srt:ScenarioForecastMember asrt:ZylaLifeSciencesMember us-gaap:SubsequentEventMember 2020-06-30 0001005201 asrt:AssertioParentMember srt:ScenarioForecastMember asrt:ZylaLifeSciencesMember us-gaap:SubsequentEventMember 2020-06-30 0001005201 us-gaap:DisposalGroupDisposedOfBySaleNotDiscontinuedOperationsMember asrt:GraliseMember 2020-01-10 2020-01-10 0001005201 srt:MaximumMember asrt:PerformanceBasedRestrictedStockUnitsMember asrt:EquityIncentivePlan2014Member 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0001005201 asrt:ConvertibleSeniorNotes2.5AndConvertibleSeniorNotes5.0Member us-gaap:ConvertibleDebtMember us-gaap:SubsequentEventMember 2020-04-08 0001005201 asrt:NucyntaErAndNucyntaMember srt:MinimumMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0001005201 asrt:CollegiumPharmaceuticalIncMember asrt:AmendedCommercializationAgreementMember 2018-11-08 2018-11-08 0001005201 asrt:CAMBIAMember srt:MinimumMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0001005201 2020-01-01 0001005201 us-gaap:AccountingStandardsUpdate201409Member us-gaap:DifferenceBetweenRevenueGuidanceInEffectBeforeAndAfterTopic606Member 2018-01-01 0001005201 asrt:NucyntaErAndNucyntaMember srt:MaximumMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0001005201 srt:MinimumMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0001005201 asrt:PerformanceBasedRestrictedStockUnitsMember asrt:EquityIncentivePlan2014Member 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0001005201 asrt:JanssenNucyntaMember 2019-01-01 2019-03-31 0001005201 asrt:CommercializationRightsAndFacilitationServicesMember 2019-01-01 2019-03-31 0001005201 asrt:CommercializationRightsAndFacilitationServicesMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0001005201 asrt:NeurologyProductMember 2019-01-01 2019-03-31 0001005201 asrt:CAMBIAMember 2019-01-01 2019-03-31 0001005201 asrt:NeurologyProductMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0001005201 asrt:JanssenNucyntaMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0001005201 asrt:ZipsorMember 2019-01-01 2019-03-31 0001005201 asrt:CAMBIAMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0001005201 asrt:CollegiumPharmaceuticalIncMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0001005201 asrt:CollegiumPharmaceuticalIncMember 2019-12-31 0001005201 asrt:CollegiumPharmaceuticalIncMember 2020-03-31 0001005201 asrt:CollegiumPharmaceuticalIncMember asrt:RoyaltiesAndMilestonesMember asrt:CommercializationAgreementAndAmendedCommercializationAgreementMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0001005201 asrt:CollegiumPharmaceuticalIncMember 2018-01-31 0001005201 asrt:CambiaCanadaMember asrt:NuvoPharmaceuticalsAgreementMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0001005201 asrt:CollegiumPharmaceuticalIncMember asrt:CommercializationAgreementAndAmendedCommercializationAgreementMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0001005201 asrt:CollegiumPharmaceuticalIncMember 2018-01-01 2018-01-31 0001005201 asrt:CambiaCanadaMember asrt:NuvoPharmaceuticalsAgreementMember 2019-01-01 2019-03-31 0001005201 asrt:CollegiumPharmaceuticalIncMember asrt:RoyaltiesAndMilestonesMember asrt:CommercializationAgreementAndAmendedCommercializationAgreementMember 2019-01-01 2019-03-31 0001005201 asrt:CollaborativePartnersReceivableMember 2020-03-31 0001005201 asrt:CommercializationAgreementMember 2019-12-31 0001005201 asrt:ProductSalesReceivableMember 2019-12-31 0001005201 asrt:ProductSalesReceivableMember 2020-03-31 0001005201 asrt:CollaborativePartnersReceivableMember 2019-12-31 0001005201 asrt:CommercializationAgreementMember 2020-03-31 0001005201 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001005201 asrt:ZipsorMember asrt:ProductRightsMember 2019-12-31 0001005201 asrt:NUCYNTAMember asrt:ProductRightsMember 2019-12-31 0001005201 asrt:ZipsorMember asrt:ProductRightsMember 2020-03-31 0001005201 asrt:ZipsorMember asrt:ProductRightsMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0001005201 asrt:NUCYNTAMember asrt:ProductRightsMember 2020-03-31 0001005201 asrt:CAMBIAMember asrt:ProductRightsMember 2019-12-31 0001005201 asrt:CAMBIAMember asrt:ProductRightsMember 2020-03-31 0001005201 asrt:NUCYNTAMember asrt:ProductRightsMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001005201 asrt:CAMBIAMember asrt:ProductRightsMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0001005201 asrt:NUCYNTAMember asrt:ProductRightsMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0001005201 us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0001005201 asrt:RestrictedStockUnitsAndPerformanceBasedRestrictedStockUnitsMember 2020-03-31 0001005201 us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember 2020-03-31 0001005201 asrt:RestrictedStockUnitsAndPerformanceBasedRestrictedStockUnitsMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0001005201 us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0001005201 asrt:PerformanceBasedRestrictedStockUnitsMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0001005201 us-gaap:SellingGeneralAndAdministrativeExpensesMember 2019-01-01 2019-03-31 0001005201 us-gaap:SellingGeneralAndAdministrativeExpensesMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0001005201 us-gaap:CostOfSalesMember 2019-01-01 2019-03-31 0001005201 us-gaap:RestructuringChargesMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0001005201 us-gaap:RestructuringChargesMember 2019-01-01 2019-03-31 0001005201 us-gaap:ResearchAndDevelopmentExpenseMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0001005201 us-gaap:CostOfSalesMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0001005201 us-gaap:ResearchAndDevelopmentExpenseMember 2019-01-01 2019-03-31 0001005201 asrt:ConvertibleSeniorNotes2.5Member us-gaap:ConvertibleDebtMember 2019-12-31 0001005201 asrt:ConvertibleSeniorNotes2.5Member us-gaap:ConvertibleDebtMember 2020-03-31 0001005201 asrt:ConvertibleSeniorNotes5.0Member us-gaap:ConvertibleDebtMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0001005201 asrt:JanssenNucyntaMember us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember 2015-04-02 2015-04-02 0001005201 us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember us-gaap:LondonInterbankOfferedRateLIBORMember 2015-04-02 0001005201 asrt:ConvertibleSeniorNotes2.5Member us-gaap:ConvertibleDebtMember 2019-07-01 2019-09-30 0001005201 asrt:ConvertibleSeniorNotes2.5Member us-gaap:ConvertibleDebtMember 2020-02-19 0001005201 asrt:ConvertibleSeniorNotes2.5Member us-gaap:ConvertibleDebtMember 2019-09-30 0001005201 asrt:ConvertibleSeniorNotes5.0Member us-gaap:ConvertibleDebtMember 2020-03-31 0001005201 asrt:ConvertibleSeniorNotes5.0Member us-gaap:ConvertibleDebtMember 2020-02-19 0001005201 us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember 2015-04-02 2015-04-02 0001005201 us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember 2015-04-02 0001005201 asrt:ConvertibleSeniorNotes2.5Member us-gaap:ConvertibleDebtMember 2019-08-13 2019-08-13 0001005201 asrt:ConvertibleSeniorNotes2.5Member us-gaap:ConvertibleDebtMember 2014-09-09 0001005201 us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember 2019-03-31 0001005201 asrt:ConvertibleSeniorNotes5.0Member us-gaap:ConvertibleDebtMember 2019-08-13 0001005201 asrt:ConvertibleSeniorNotes2.5Member us-gaap:ConvertibleDebtMember 2020-02-19 2020-02-19 0001005201 srt:MinimumMember us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember us-gaap:LondonInterbankOfferedRateLIBORMember 2015-04-02 0001005201 asrt:ConvertibleSeniorNotes5.0Member us-gaap:ConvertibleDebtMember 2020-02-19 2020-02-19 0001005201 us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember us-gaap:LondonInterbankOfferedRateLIBORMember 2015-04-02 2015-04-02 0001005201 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2019-08-13 2019-08-13 0001005201 us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember 2020-02-13 2020-02-13 0001005201 us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember 2020-02-13 0001005201 asrt:ConvertibleSeniorNotes5.0Member us-gaap:ConvertibleDebtMember 2019-12-31 0001005201 asrt:ConvertibleSeniorNotes2.5Member us-gaap:ConvertibleDebtMember 2019-01-01 2019-03-31 0001005201 asrt:ConvertibleSeniorNotes5.0Member us-gaap:ConvertibleDebtMember 2019-08-13 2019-08-13 0001005201 asrt:ConvertibleSeniorNotes2.5Member us-gaap:ConvertibleDebtMember 2014-09-09 2014-09-09 0001005201 asrt:OtherExpenseIncomeNetMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0001005201 asrt:OtherExpenseIncomeNetMember 2019-01-01 2019-03-31 0001005201 asrt:MultidistrictOpioidLitigationMember srt:MinimumMember 2020-03-31 0001005201 asrt:ManufacturingMember 2020-03-31 0001005201 asrt:ConsultingServicesMember 2019-12-31 0001005201 asrt:ManufacturingMember 2019-12-31 0001005201 asrt:ConsultingServicesMember 2020-03-31 0001005201 asrt:SecuritiesClassActionLawsuitMember 2017-08-23 2017-08-23 0001005201 us-gaap:EmployeeSeveranceMember asrt:A2019CostSavingsInitiativeMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001005201 us-gaap:EmployeeSeveranceMember 2020-03-31 0001005201 us-gaap:EmployeeSeveranceMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0001005201 us-gaap:EmployeeSeveranceMember 2019-12-31 0001005201 us-gaap:ConvertibleDebtMember asrt:ConvertibleSeniorNotes5.0Member 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0001005201 us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0001005201 us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember 2019-01-01 2019-03-31 0001005201 us-gaap:ConvertibleDebtMember asrt:ConvertibleSeniorNotes2.5Member 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0001005201 us-gaap:ConvertibleDebtMember asrt:ConvertibleSeniorNotes5.0Member 2019-01-01 2019-03-31 0001005201 us-gaap:ConvertibleDebtMember asrt:ConvertibleSeniorNotes2.5Member 2019-01-01 2019-03-31 0001005201 us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember 2020-03-31 0001005201 us-gaap:WarrantMember us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember 2020-03-31 0001005201 us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember 2020-03-31 0001005201 us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember 2020-03-31 0001005201 us-gaap:WarrantMember us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember 2020-03-31 0001005201 us-gaap:WarrantMember us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember 2020-03-31 0001005201 us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember 2020-03-31 0001005201 us-gaap:WarrantMember us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember 2020-03-31 0001005201 us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember 2019-12-31 0001005201 us-gaap:WarrantMember us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember 2019-12-31 0001005201 us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember 2019-12-31 0001005201 us-gaap:WarrantMember us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember 2019-12-31 0001005201 us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember 2019-12-31 0001005201 us-gaap:WarrantMember us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember 2019-12-31 0001005201 us-gaap:WarrantMember us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember 2019-12-31 0001005201 us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember 2019-12-31 0001005201 asrt:CollegiumPharmaceuticalIncMember asrt:CommercializationAgreementMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001005201 asrt:ConvertibleSeniorNotes5.0Member us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member us-gaap:EstimateOfFairValueFairValueDisclosureMember us-gaap:ConvertibleDebtMember 2020-03-31 0001005201 asrt:ConvertibleSeniorNotes2.5Member us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member us-gaap:ConvertibleDebtMember 2019-12-31 0001005201 asrt:ConvertibleSeniorNotes2.5Member us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member us-gaap:EstimateOfFairValueFairValueDisclosureMember us-gaap:ConvertibleDebtMember 2019-12-31 0001005201 asrt:ConvertibleSeniorNotes5.0Member us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member us-gaap:ConvertibleDebtMember 2020-03-31 0001005201 asrt:ConvertibleSeniorNotes2.5Member us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member us-gaap:ConvertibleDebtMember 2020-03-31 0001005201 asrt:ConvertibleSeniorNotes2.5Member us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member us-gaap:EstimateOfFairValueFairValueDisclosureMember us-gaap:ConvertibleDebtMember 2020-03-31 0001005201 us-gaap:WarrantMember asrt:OtherExpenseIncomeNetMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0001005201 asrt:CollegiumPharmaceuticalIncMember asrt:CommercializationAgreementMember 2018-12-31 0001005201 asrt:ConvertibleSeniorNotes5.0Member us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member us-gaap:ConvertibleDebtMember 2019-12-31 0001005201 asrt:ConvertibleSeniorNotes5.0Member us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member us-gaap:EstimateOfFairValueFairValueDisclosureMember us-gaap:ConvertibleDebtMember 2019-12-31 0001005201 us-gaap:DisposalGroupDisposedOfBySaleNotDiscontinuedOperationsMember asrt:NUCYNTAMember 2020-02-13 0001005201 us-gaap:DisposalGroupDisposedOfBySaleNotDiscontinuedOperationsMember asrt:GraliseMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0001005201 us-gaap:DisposalGroupDisposedOfBySaleNotDiscontinuedOperationsMember asrt:NUCYNTAMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0001005201 us-gaap:DisposalGroupDisposedOfBySaleNotDiscontinuedOperationsMember asrt:NUCYNTAMember 2020-01-01 2020-02-11 0001005201 asrt:SlanMember asrt:LicenseAgreementMember 2020-02-06 2020-02-06 0001005201 asrt:SlanMember asrt:LicenseAgreementMember 2019-12-31 0001005201 us-gaap:DisposalGroupDisposedOfBySaleNotDiscontinuedOperationsMember asrt:NUCYNTAMember 2020-03-31 0001005201 asrt:SlanMember asrt:LicenseAgreementMember 2017-11-07 2017-11-07 0001005201 us-gaap:DisposalGroupDisposedOfBySaleNotDiscontinuedOperationsMember asrt:NUCYNTAMember asrt:ThirdPartyConsentAgreementMember 2020-02-13 0001005201 asrt:SlanMember asrt:LicenseAgreementMember 2020-02-06 0001005201 us-gaap:DisposalGroupDisposedOfBySaleNotDiscontinuedOperationsMember asrt:GraliseMember 2020-03-31 0001005201 asrt:ConvertibleSeniorNotes2.5Member us-gaap:ConvertibleDebtMember us-gaap:SubsequentEventMember 2020-04-08 asrt:renewal_option xbrli:shares iso4217:USD xbrli:shares asrt:action xbrli:pure asrt:payment asrt:segment asrt:case iso4217:USD asrt:sublease
 
 
 
 
 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
 FORM 10-Q
     QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 FOR THE QUARTERLY PERIOD ENDED MARCH 31, 2020
 OR
     TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 FOR THE TRANSITION PERIOD FROM TO      
 COMMISSION FILE NUMBER 001-13111
 ASSERTIO THERAPEUTICS, INC.
(EXACT NAME OF REGISTRANT AS SPECIFIED IN ITS CHARTER)
Delaware
94-3229046
(STATE OR OTHER JURISDICTION OF
INCORPORATION OR ORGANIZATION)
(I.R.S. EMPLOYER IDENTIFICATION NUMBER)
 100 South Saunders Road, Suite 300
Lake Forest, Illinois 60045
(ADDRESS OF PRINCIPAL EXECUTIVE OFFICES; ZIP CODE)
 (224) 419-7106
(REGISTRANT’S TELEPHONE NUMBER, INCLUDING AREA CODE)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each class:
    
Trading Symbol(s):
 
Name of each exchange on which registered:
Common Stock, $0.0001 par value
 
ASRT
 
The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes  No 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).  Yes  No 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company.  See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. 
 
Large accelerated filer
 
Accelerated filer
 
 
 Non-accelerated filer
 
Smaller reporting company
 
 
Emerging growth company
 
 
 
 
 
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  Yes  No 
 
The number of issued and outstanding shares of the registrant’s Common Stock, $0.0001 par value, as of May 6, 2020 was 81,375,075.
 
 
 
 
 



ASSERTIO THERAPEUTICS, INC.
FORM 10-Q FOR THE PERIOD ENDING MARCH 31, 2020
TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 1. 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 2. 
 
 
 
 
Item 3. 
 
 
 
 
Item 4. 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 1. 
 
 
 
 
Item 1A. 
 
 
 
 
Item 2.
 
 
 
 
Item 6. 
 
 
 
 
 

2



PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION

ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

ASSERTIO THERAPEUTICS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(in thousands)
(Unaudited)
 
 
March 31, 2020
 
December 31, 2019
ASSETS
 
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
105,973

 
$
42,107

Accounts receivable, net
12,952

 
42,744

Inventories, net
518

 
3,412

Consideration receivable from sale of Gralise
50,019

 

Prepaid and other current assets
10,651

 
15,688

Total current assets
180,113

 
103,951

Property and equipment, net
3,233

 
3,497

Intangible assets, net
23,671

 
400,535

Investments, net
8,132

 
13,064

Other long-term assets
4,125

 
6,123

Total assets
$
219,274

 
$
527,170

LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
 
 
 
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
Accounts payable
$
4,982

 
$
16,193

Accrued rebates, returns and discounts
32,359

 
58,943

Accrued liabilities
24,716

 
18,948

Senior Notes, current portion

 
80,000

Convertible Notes, current portion
57,866

 

Interest payable
304

 
8,375

Other current liabilities
2,066

 
2,094

Total current liabilities
122,293

 
184,553

Senior Notes

 
76,443

Convertible Notes

 
194,815

Other long-term liabilities
12,944

 
13,401

Total liabilities
135,237

 
469,212

Commitments and contingencies

 

Shareholders’ equity:
 
 
 
Common stock
8

 
8

Additional paid-in capital
442,600

 
457,751

Accumulated deficit
(358,571
)
 
(399,801
)
Total shareholders’ equity
84,037

 
57,958

Total liabilities and shareholders' equity
$
219,274

 
$
527,170


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

3


ASSERTIO THERAPEUTICS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(in thousands, except per share data)
(Unaudited)
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2020
 
2019
Revenues:
 
 
 
Product sales, net
$
9,252

 
$
26,450

Commercialization agreement, net
11,258

 
30,856

Royalties and milestones
407

 
623

Total revenues
20,917

 
57,929

Costs and expenses:
 
 
 
Cost of sales (excluding amortization of intangible assets)
1,399

 
2,575

Research and development expenses
1,041

 
1,793

Selling, general and administrative expenses
27,314

 
25,045

Amortization of intangible assets
7,795

 
25,444

Total costs and expenses
37,549

 
54,857

(Loss) income from operations
(16,632
)
 
3,072

Other income (expense):
 
 
 
Gain on sale of Gralise
127,505

 

Loss on extinguishment of convertible notes
(31,608
)
 

Loss on sale of NUCYNTA
(15,755
)
 

Interest expense
(8,674
)
 
(16,554
)
Loss on prepayment of Senior Notes
(8,233
)
 

Other
(3,325
)
 
(609
)
Total other income (expense)
59,910

 
(17,163
)
Net income (loss) before income taxes
43,278

 
(14,091
)
Income tax expense
(2,048
)
 
(210
)
Net income (loss) and Comprehensive income (loss)
$
41,230

 
$
(14,301
)
 
 
 
 
Basic net income (loss) per share
$
0.58

 
$
(0.22
)
Diluted net income (loss) per share
$
0.58

 
$
(0.22
)
Shares used in computing basic net income (loss) per share
70,940

 
64,239

Shares used in computing diluted net income (loss) per share
71,051

 
64,239

 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

4


ASSERTIO THERAPEUTICS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
(in thousands)
(Unaudited)

 
Common Stock
 
Additional
Paid-In
Capital
 
Accumulated
Earnings
(Deficit)
 
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
 
Shareholders’
Equity
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
 
 
 
Balances at December 31, 2018
64,185

 
$
6

 
$
402,934

 
$
(182,600
)
 
$
(5
)
 
$
220,335

Issuance of common stock upon exercise of options
14

 

 
25

 

 

 
25

Issuance of common stock in conjunction with vesting of restricted stock units
132

 

 

 

 

 

Stock-based compensation

 

 
2,702

 

 

 
2,702

Shares withheld for payment of employee's withholding tax liability

 

 
(216
)
 

 

 
(216
)
Net loss

 

 

 
(14,301
)
 

 
(14,301
)
Balances at March 31, 2019
64,331

 
$
6

 
$
405,445

 
$
(196,901
)
 
$
(5
)
 
$
208,545

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balances at December 31, 2019
80,888

 
$
8

 
$
457,751

 
$
(399,801
)
 
$

 
$
57,958

Issuance of common stock in conjunction with vesting of restricted stock units
434

 

 

 

 

 

Reacquisition of equity component of 2021 Notes and 2024 Notes

 

 
(16,814
)
 

 

 
(16,814
)
Stock-based compensation

 

 
1,934

 

 

 
1,934

Shares withheld for payment of employee's withholding tax liability

 

 
(271
)
 

 

 
(271
)
Net income

 

 

 
41,230

 

 
41,230

Balances at March 31, 2020
81,322

 
$
8

 
$
442,600

 
$
(358,571
)
 
$

 
$
84,037


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

5


ASSERTIO THERAPEUTICS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(in thousands)
(Unaudited)
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2020
 
2019
Operating Activities
 
 
 
Net income (loss)
$
41,230

 
$
(14,301
)
Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash provided by (used in) operating activities
 
 
 
Gain on sale of Gralise
(127,500
)
 

Loss on extinguishment of convertible notes
31,608

 

Loss on prepayment of Senior Notes
8,233

 

Depreciation and amortization
8,068

 
25,990

Loss on sale of NUCYNTA
15,755

 

Accretion of debt discount and debt issuance costs
5,387

 
6,164

Recurring fair value measurement of assets and liabilities
3,147

 
28

Stock-based compensation
1,934

 
2,702

Provision for inventory and other assets
1,554

 
359

Other
(14
)
 
1,297

Changes in assets and liabilities:
 
 
 
Accounts receivable
29,792

 
(6,278
)
Inventories
(2,381
)
 
(40
)
Prepaid and other assets
3,289

 
30,592

Accounts payable and other accrued liabilities
(10,510
)
 
(12,361
)
Accrued rebates, returns and discounts
(26,584
)
 
(4,105
)
Interest payable
(8,071
)
 
(2,852
)
Net cash (used in) provided by operating activities
(25,063
)
 
27,195

Investing Activities
 
 
 
Purchases of property and equipment
(9
)
 
(13
)
Proceeds from sale of NUCYNTA
367,958

 

Proceeds from sale of Gralise
81,087

 

Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities
449,036

 
(13
)
Financing Activities
 
 
 
Payments in connection with Senior Note prepayment
(171,775
)
 
(28,249
)
Payments in connection with convertible note extinguishment
(188,060
)
 

Proceeds from issuance of common stock

 
25

Shares withheld for payment of employee's withholding tax liability
(272
)
 
(216
)
Net cash used in financing activities
(360,107
)
 
(28,440
)
Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents
63,866

 
(1,258
)
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of year
42,107

 
110,949

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
$
105,973

 
$
109,691

 
 
 
 
Supplemental Disclosure of Cash Flow Information
 
 
 
Net cash paid for income taxes
$
100

 
$

Cash paid for interest
$
10,842

 
$
13,213

Capital expenditures incurred but not yet paid
$

 
$
130


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

6


ASSERTIO THERAPEUTICS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited) 
NOTE 1.  ORGANIZATION AND SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
 
Organization
 
Assertio Therapeutics, Inc. (Assertio or the Company) is a leading diversified, specialty pharmaceutical company focused on distinctive products that offer enhanced therapeutic options for patients in need, while maintaining the highest ethical standards in all our business practices.

As of March 31, 2020, the Company’s specialty pharmaceutical business consisted primarily of CAMBIA®(diclofenac potassium for oral solution), a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug for the acute treatment of migraine attacks, acquired by the Company in December 2013; and Zipsor® (diclofenac potassium liquid filled capsules), a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug for the treatment of mild to moderate acute pain, acquired by the Company in June 2012, both marketed in the U.S.

In 2017, the Company announced that it was in the process of transforming into a leading diversified, specialty pharmaceutical company with a goal of rapidly deleveraging its balance sheet, growing its core business, and opportunistically building for the future via business development. The Company continues to position itself to actively pursue business development, strategic partnerships, and investment opportunities to build and grow for the future. As part of this transformational initiative, the Company executed on several strategic transactions:

On December 4, 2017, the Company announced a commercialization agreement with Collegium Pharmaceutical, Inc. (Collegium), pursuant to which the Company granted Collegium the right to commercialize the NUCYNTA® franchise of products in the U.S. (the Commercialization Agreement). Pursuant to the Commercialization Agreement, Collegium assumed all commercialization responsibilities for the NUCYNTA franchise effective January 9, 2018, including sales and marketing, and the Company received royalties on all NUCYNTA revenues based on certain net sales thresholds.

On January 10, 2020, the Company completed the sale of Gralise® (gabapentin) to Golf Acquiror LLC, an affiliate to Alvogen, Inc. (Alvogen), for total value of $127.5 million. This included $75.0 million in cash at closing, and the balance payable as 75% of Alvogen’s first $70.0 million of Gralise net sales after the closing. Alvogen also paid the Company for certain inventories relating to Gralise.

On February 13, 2020, the Company entered into a definitive agreement to divest its remaining rights, title and interest in and to the NUCYNTA franchise to Collegium for $375.0 million in cash, less royalties, paid to the Company in 2020. Pursuant to the agreement, Collegium assumed certain contracts, liabilities and obligations of the Company relating to the NUCYNTA products, including those related to manufacturing and supply, post-market commitments and clinical development costs. Collegium also paid the Company for certain inventories relating to the products.

On February 13, 2020, the Company had repaid in full its outstanding aggregate principal amount of senior secured notes (Senior Notes) pursuant to a Note Purchase Agreement dated March 12, 2015 (Note Purchase Agreement) and all subsequent amendments to the Note Purchase Agreement.

On February 19, 2020, the Company entered into separate, privately negotiated agreements with a limited number of holders of the Company’s 2021 Notes and 2024 Notes to repurchase $188.0 million aggregate principal amount of the outstanding 2021 Notes and 2024 Notes.

On March 11, 2020, the Company initiated a tender offer to repurchase any and all of the Company’s remaining $77.0 million of combined outstanding 2021 Notes and 2024 Notes. On April 8, 2020, the Company announced the completion and final results for its cash tender offers which the Company settled approximately $76.7 million aggregate principal amount of the outstanding 2021 Notes and 2024 Notes.

Merger Agreement

On March 16, 2020, the Company entered into an Agreement and Plan of Merger (the Merger Agreement) with Zyla Life Sciences (Zyla), Assertio Holdings, Inc., a newly created wholly-owned subsidiary of Assertio (Parent), Assertio Merger Sub, Inc., a newly created wholly-owned subsidiary of Parent (Assertio Merger Sub), and Zebra Merger Sub, Inc., a newly

7


created wholly-owned subsidiary of Parent (Merger Sub). The Merger Agreement provides that, subject to the terms and conditions set forth therein, Merger Sub will merge with and into Zyla (the Merger), with Zyla surviving the Merger and becoming a wholly-owned subsidiary of Parent. Prior to the consummation of the Merger, Assertio intends to effect a reorganization merger (the “Assertio Reorganization”) pursuant to which Assertio Merger Sub will merge with and into Assertio, with Assertio surviving the merger and becoming a wholly-owned subsidiary of Parent. Parent will assume Assertio’s listing on the Nasdaq Stock Market (Nasdaq).

The terms of the Merger Agreement provide that, unless otherwise specified in the Merger Agreement, at the effective time of the Merger, each issued and outstanding share of common stock, par value $0.001 per share, of Zyla (the Zyla Common Stock) will be canceled and automatically converted into the right to receive as merger consideration (the Merger Consideration) 2.5 shares (the Exchange Ratio) of common stock, par value $0.0001 per share, of Parent (the Parent Common Stock).     

The Merger and the Merger Agreement have been approved by the board of directors of each of Zyla (the Zyla Board), Assertio (the Assertio Board) and Parent (the Parent Board). Completion of the Merger is conditioned upon the adoption and approval of the Merger Agreement by (1) the holders of at least a majority of the outstanding shares of Zyla Common Stock (the Zyla Stockholder Approval) and (2) by the affirmative vote of the majority of the total votes cast to approve the issuance of the Merger Consideration by the holders of the outstanding shares of common stock of Assertio (the Assertio Stockholder Approval). Completion of the Merger is also subject to other customary closing conditions. The Merger is expected to close in the second quarter of 2020.
Basis of Presentation
 
The unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and the related footnote information of the Company have been prepared pursuant to the requirements of the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) for interim reporting. As permitted under those rules and regulations, certain footnotes or other financial information that are normally required by U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) have been condensed or omitted pursuant to such rules and regulations. In the opinion of the Company’s management, the accompanying interim unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements include all adjustments necessary for a fair presentation of the information for the periods presented. The results for the three months ended March 31, 2020 are not necessarily indicative of results to be expected for the entire year ending December 31, 2020 or future operating periods.
 
The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and related financial information should be read in conjunction with the audited financial statements and the related notes thereto for the year ended December 31, 2019 included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the SEC on March 10, 2020 (the 2019 Form 10-K). The balance sheet as of December 31, 2019 has been derived from the audited financial statements at that date, as filed in the Company’s 2019 Form 10-K.

In connection with the preparation of the financial statements for the three months ended March 31, 2020, the Company evaluated whether there were conditions and events, considered in the aggregate, which raised substantial doubt as to the entity's ability to continue as a going concern within twelve months after the date of the issuance of these financial statements noting that there did not appear to be evidence of substantial doubt of the entity's ability to continue as a going concern.
 
Principles of Consolidation
 
The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its wholly-owned subsidiaries, Depomed Bermuda Ltd (Depo Bermuda), Depo NF Sub, LLC (Depo NF Sub) and Depo DR Sub, LLC (Depo DR Sub). All intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.
Use of Estimates
 
The preparation of condensed consolidated financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the condensed consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes. Estimates are used when accounting for amounts recorded in connection with acquisitions, including initial fair value determinations of assets and liabilities as well as subsequent fair value measurements. Additionally, estimates are used in determining items such as sales discounts and returns, depreciable and amortizable lives, share-based compensation assumptions and taxes on income. Although management believes these estimates are based upon reasonable assumptions

8


within the bounds of its knowledge of the Company’s business and operations, actual results could differ materially from these estimates.
Segment Information

The Company maintains one operating segment and has operations solely in the United States. To date, substantially all of the Company’s revenues from product sales are related to sales in the United States.

Revenue Recognition
 
The Company adopted ASC 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (ASC 606) on January 1, 2018 using the modified retrospective transition method. There was no adjustment to the Company’s opening balance of accumulated deficit resulting from the adoption of this guidance.

Under ASC 606, the Company recognizes revenue when its customer obtains control of the promised goods or services, in an amount that reflects the consideration which the Company expects to receive in exchange for those goods or services. To determine revenue recognition for arrangements that the Company determines are within the scope of ASC 606, the Company performs the following five steps: (i) identify the contract(s) with a customer; (ii) identify the performance obligations in the contract; (iii) determine the transaction price; (iv) allocate the transaction price to the performance obligations in the contract; and (v) recognize revenue when (or as) the Company satisfies a performance obligation. The Company only applies the five-step model to contracts when it is probable that Company will collect the consideration it is entitled to in exchange for the goods or services it transfers to the customer. At contract inception, once the contract is determined to be within the scope of ASC 606, the Company assesses the goods or services promised within each contract and determines those that are performance obligations and assesses whether each promised good or service is distinct. The Company then recognizes as revenue the amount of the transaction price that is allocated to the respective performance obligation, when (or as) the performance obligation is satisfied. The Company assesses the term of the contract based upon the contractual period in which the Company and Collegium have enforceable rights and obligations.

Variable consideration arising from sales or usage-based royalties, promised in exchange for a license of the Company’s Intellectual Property, is recognized at the later of (i) when the subsequent product sales occur or (ii) the performance obligation, to which some or all of the sales-based royalty has been allocated, has been satisfied.
 
The Company recognizes a contract asset relating to its conditional right to consideration for completed performance obligations. Accounts receivable are recorded when the right to consideration becomes unconditional. A contract liability is recorded for payments received in advance of the related performance obligation being satisfied under the contract.

Product Sales
 
The Company sells commercial products to wholesale distributors and specialty pharmacies. Product sales revenue is recognized when title has transferred to the customer and the customer has assumed the risks and rewards of ownership, which typically occurs on delivery to the customer. The Company’s performance obligation is to deliver product to the customer, and the performance obligation is completed upon delivery. The transaction price consists of a fixed invoice price and variable product sales allowances, which include rebates, discounts and returns. Product sales revenues are recorded net of applicable sales tax and reserves for these product sales allowances. Receivables related to product sales are typically collected one to two months after delivery.
 
Product Sales Allowances—The Company considers products sales allowances to be variable consideration and estimates and recognizes product sales allowances as a reduction of product sales in the same period the related revenue is recognized. Product sales allowances are based on actual or estimated amounts owed on the related sales. These estimates take into consideration the terms of the Company’s agreements with customers, historical product returns, rebates or discounts taken, estimated levels of inventory in the distribution channel, the shelf life of the product and specific known market events, such as competitive pricing and new product introductions. The Company uses the most likely method in estimating product sales allowances. If actual future results vary from the Company’s estimates, the Company may need to adjust these estimates, which could have an effect on product sales and earnings in the period of adjustment. The Company’s sales allowances include:
 
Product Returns—The Company allows customers to return product for credit with respect to that product within six months before and up to 12 months after its product expiration date. The Company estimates product returns and associated credit on NUCYNTA ER and NUCYNTA, Gralise, CAMBIA, Zipsor and Lazanda. Estimates for returns are based on historical return trends by product or by return trends of similar products, taking into consideration the shelf life of the product at the time

9


of shipment, shipment and prescription trends, estimated distribution channel inventory levels and consideration of the introduction of competitive products. The Company did not assume financial responsibility for returns of NUCYNTA ER and NUCYNTA previously sold by Janssen Pharma or Lazanda product previously sold by Archimedes Pharma US Inc. Under the Commercialization Agreement with Collegium for NUCYNTA ER and NUCYNTA and the divestiture of Lazanda to Slán, the Company is only financially responsible for product returns for product that were sold by the Company, which are identified by specific lot numbers.
 
The shelf life of NUCYNTA ER and NUCYNTA is 24 months to 36 months from the date of tablet manufacture. The shelf life of Gralise is 24 months to 36 months from the date of tablet manufacture. The shelf life of CAMBIA is 24 months to 48 months from the manufacture date. The shelf life of Zipsor is 36 months from the date of tablet manufacture. The shelf life of Lazanda is 24 to 36 months from the manufacture date. Because of the shelf life of the Company’s products and its return policy of issuing credits with respect to product that is returned within six months before and up to 12 months after its product expiration date, there may be a significant period of time between when the product is shipped and when the Company issues credit on a returned product. Accordingly, the Company may have to adjust these estimates, which could have an effect on product sales and earnings in the period of adjustments.
 
Wholesaler and Pharmacy Discounts—The Company offers contractually determined discounts to certain wholesale distributors and specialty pharmacies that purchase directly from it. These discounts are either taken off invoice at the time of shipment or paid to the customer on a quarterly basis one to two months after the quarter in which product was shipped to the customer.

Prompt Pay Discounts—The Company offers cash discounts to its customers (generally 2% of the sales price) as an incentive for prompt payment. Based on the Company’s experience, the Company expects its customers to comply with the payment terms to earn the cash discount.
 
Patient Discount Programs—The Company offers patient discount co-pay assistance programs in which patients receive certain discounts off their prescriptions at participating retail and specialty pharmacies. The discounts are reimbursed by the Company approximately one month after the prescriptions subject to the discount are filled.
 
Medicaid Rebates—The Company participates in Medicaid rebate programs, which provide assistance to certain low income patients based on each individual state’s guidelines regarding eligibility and services. Under the Medicaid rebate programs, the Company pays a rebate to each participating state, generally two to three months after the quarter in which prescriptions subject to the rebate are filled.
 
Chargebacks—The Company provides discounts to authorized users of the Federal Supply Schedule (FSS) of the General Services Administration under an FSS contract with the Department of Veterans Affairs. These federal entities purchase products from the wholesale distributors at a discounted price, and the wholesale distributors then charge back to the Company the difference between the current retail price and the price the federal entity paid for the product.
 
Managed Care Rebates—The Company offers discounts under contracts with certain managed care providers. The Company generally pays managed care rebates one to three months after the quarter in which prescriptions subject to the rebate are filled.
 
Medicare Part D Coverage Gap Rebates — The Company participates in the Medicare Part D Coverage Gap Discount Program under which it provides rebates on prescriptions that fall within the “donut hole” coverage gap. The Company generally pays Medicare Part D Coverage Gap rebates two to three months after the quarter in which prescriptions subject to the rebate are filled.

Commercialization Agreement

The Company derived revenue under the Commercialization Agreement with Collegium whereby the Company granted Collegium the right to commercialize the NUCYNTA franchise of products in the U.S. The Company entered into the Commercialization Agreement in December 2017, which became effective in January 2018, and amended the agreement in August 2018 and in November 2018. The Company viewed its performance obligations as a series of distinct goods or services that are substantially the same and that have the same pattern of transfer. Prior to the November 2018 amendment, the consideration related to the license and facilitation services was fixed and recognized ratably over the contract term. Following the November 2018 amendment, the royalty payments represent variable consideration that are subject to the sales-based royalty exception for licenses of intellectual property and are recognized at the later of (i) when the subsequent product sales occur or (ii) the performance obligation, to which some or all of the sales-based royalty has been allocated, has been satisfied.

10



In addition, the Company was responsible for royalty payments to a third party related to sales of NUCYNTA. Prior to the November 2018 amendment, Collegium became primarily responsible for these royalties in connection with the Commercialization Agreement; however, a portion of these payments remained the responsibility of the Company. Following the November 2018 amendment, effective January 1, 2019, Collegium became responsible for the third-party royalty payments entirely. As the Company was not actively commercializing NUCYNTA, such royalties were recorded by the Company on a systematic basis in proportion to the underlying net product sales, subject to the sales-based royalty exemption for license of intellectual property, and were included as gross-to-net adjustments in the related revenue line in the Company’s Statements of Comprehensive Income. Such amounts, over the course of the calendar year, had no net impact.

In connection with the Commercialization Amendment, Collegium issued the Company a warrant to purchase up to 1,041,667 shares of Collegium common stock at an exercise price of $19.20 per share (Warrant). The Warrant is exercisable for a period of four years and contains customary terms, including with regard to net exercise. The Warrant was valued at $8.8 million as of the date of the Commercialization Amendment and is considered to be a component of the fixed consideration associated with the Commercialization Agreement. This Warrant is included in Investments on the Company’s Consolidated Balance Sheet, however, as it is non-cash it does not impact investing cash flows.

Effective as of February 13, 2020, the Company divested its rights, title and interest in and to its NUCYNTA franchise of products in the U.S. to Collegium. In connection with the sale, the Commercialization Agreement terminated at closing with certain specified provisions of the Commercialization Agreement surviving in accordance with the terms of the purchase agreement.

Royalties
 
For arrangements that include sales-based royalties and the license is deemed to be the predominant item to which the royalties relate, the Company recognizes royalty revenue at the later of (i) when the related sales occur, or (ii) when the performance obligation to which some or all of the royalty has been allocated has been satisfied (or partially satisfied).

We currently have the right to receive royalties based on sales of CAMBIA in Canada, which are recognized as revenue when the related sales occur as there are no continuing performance obligations by the Company under those agreements.

Milestones

For arrangements that include milestones, the Company recognizes such revenue using the most likely method. As part of adopting ASC 606, the Company evaluated whether the future milestones should have been included as part of the transaction price in periods before January 1, 2018. The Company concluded that because of development and regulatory risks at the time, it was probable that a significant revenue reversal could have occurred. At the end of each subsequent reporting period, the Company re-evaluates the probability or achievement of each such milestone and any related constraint, and if necessary, adjusts its estimates of the overall transaction price. Any such adjustments are recorded on a cumulative catch-up basis, which would affect revenue in the period of adjustment.

Leases

The Company adopted ASC 842, Leases (ASC 842), on January 1, 2019 using the modified retrospective approach with cumulative effect. There was no adjustment to the Company's opening balance of accumulated deficit resulting from the adoption of this guidance. In addition, the Company elected the package of practical expedients, which among other things, allowed for the carryforward of the historical lease classification. The Company did not elect the hindsight practical expedient to determine the reasonably certain lease term for existing leases. Prior to the adoption of ASC 842, the Company accounted for its operating leases in accordance with ASC 840. Under ASC 840, only capital leases were recognized on the balance sheet and therefore the Company’s operating leases were reflected in the financial statement footnotes. The adoption of ASC 842 did not materially affect the Company’s consolidated comprehensive income.

11



The Company assesses contracts for lease arrangements at inception. Operating right-of-use (ROU) assets and liabilities are recognized at the lease commencement date equal to the present value of future lease payments using the implicit, if readily available, or incremental borrowing rate based on the information readily available at the commencement date. ROU assets include any lease payments as of commencement and initial direct costs but exclude any lease incentives. Lease and non-lease components are generally accounted for separately and the Company recognizes operating lease expense straight-line over the term of the lease. Operating leases are included in other long term assets, other current liabilities, and other long term liabilities in the Consolidated Balance Sheet.

The Company accounts for operating leases with an initial term of 12 months or less on a straight-line basis over the lease term in the Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income.
 
Stock Based Compensation

The Company’s stock-based compensation generally includes stock options, restricted stock units (RSUs), performance share units (PSUs), and purchases under the Company’s employee stock purchase plan (ESPP). The Company accounts for forfeitures as they occur for each type of award. Stock-based compensation expense related to restricted stock unit awards (RSUs) is based on the market value of the underlying stock on the date of grant and the related expense is recognized ratably over the requisite service period.

The stock-based compensation expense related to PSUs is estimated at grant date based on the fair value of the award. The PSU awards are measured exclusively to the relative total shareholder return (TSR) performance, which is measured against the three-year TSR of a custom index of companies. The actual number of shares awarded is adjusted to between zero and 200% of the target award amount based upon achievement in each of the three independent successive one-year tranches. TSR relative to peers is considered a market condition under applicable authoritative guidance. For PSUs granted with vesting subject to market conditions, the fair value of the award is determined at grant date using the Monte Carlo model, and expense is recognized ratably over the requisite service period regardless of whether or not the market condition is satisfied. The Monte Carlo valuation model considers a variety of potential future share prices for Assertio and our peer companies in a selected market index.

The Company uses the Black-Scholes option valuation model to determine the fair value of stock options and ESPP shares. The determination of the fair value of stock-based payment awards on the date of grant using an option valuation model is affected by our stock price as well as assumptions, which include the expected term of the award, the expected stock price volatility, risk-free interest rate and expected dividends over the expected term of the award. The Company uses historical option exercise data to estimate the expected term of the options. The Company estimates the volatility of our common stock price by using the historical volatility over the expected term of the options. The Company bases the risk-free interest rate on U.S. Treasury zero coupon issues with terms similar to the expected term of the options as of the date of grant. The Company does not anticipate paying any cash dividends in the foreseeable future, and therefore, uses an expected dividend yield of zero in the option valuation model. Stock-based compensation expense related to the ESPP and options is recognized on a straight-line basis over its respective term.
 
Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements

In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-13 Financial Instruments-Credit Losses (ASU 2016-13 or Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments, which requires the measurement and recognition of expected credit losses for financial assets held at amortized cost. ASU 2016-13 replaces the existing incurred loss impairment model with an expected loss methodology, which will result in more timely recognition of credit losses. The Company adopted this standard on January 1, 2020 and updated its internal controls to include certain forward-looking considerations in the current process of developing and recognizing credit losses for in scope financial assets, which primarily included accounts receivable and a $3.5 million investment in a company engaged in medical research. ASC 326 had an immaterial impact to our allowance for credit losses reported in accounts receivable on our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet upon adoption. The investment is structured as a long-term loan receivable with a convertible feature and carried at amortized cost with accruing interest. To calculate the expected credit loss allowance, the Company utilized a probability-of-default method (PDM). This process estimates the probability of the loan being successfully paid back or converted into equity based on the ability of the investee to obtain FDA acceptance of its research. Using a PDM, we calculated an expected credit loss allowance at March 31, 2020 of $1.9 million, which was recorded in Other (expense) income in the Company’s Consolidated Statement of Comprehensive Income and included in Investments, net in the Company’s Consolidated Balance Sheet. Our expected credit losses can vary from period to period based on several factors, such as progress of the medical research and FDA submission, and overall economic environment and the ability of the investee to fund its operations. The primary factor that contributed to our provision

12


for expected credit losses in the first quarter of 2020 was an evaluation of probability of default to exist based on the outlook of the macro environment due to the COVID-19 pandemic and its impact to delay the FDA acceptance process combined with the investee’s ability to fund its operations and raise capital if required.

In June 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-18 Collaborative Arrangements (ASU 2018-18), which clarifies the interaction between ASC 808, Collaborative Arrangements (ASC 808) and ASC 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (ASC 606). The update clarifies that certain transactions between participants in a collaborative arrangement should be accounted for under ASC 606 when the counterparty is a customer. In addition, the update precludes an entity from presenting consideration from a transaction in a collaborative arrangement as revenue if the counterparty is not a customer for that transaction. The Company adopted the standard as of January 1, 2020 and have applied modified retrospective transition method to the date of initial application of ASC 606. The adoption of this guidance did not have a material impact on the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements.

In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-15, Accounting for Cloud Computing Arrangements (Subtopic 350-40), which provides new guidance on the accounting for implementation, set-up, and other upfront costs incurred in a hosted cloud computing arrangement. Under the new guidance, entities will apply the same criteria for capitalizing implementation costs as they would for an internal-use software license arrangement. Effective January 1, 2020, the Company adopted the standard using the prospective approach to eligible costs incurred on or after the date of adoption. The adoption of this guidance did not have a material impact on the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements.

In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-13 Fair Value Measurement Disclosure Framework (ASU 2018-03), which is part of a broader disclosure framework project by the FASB to improve the effectiveness of disclosures by more clearly communicating the information to the user. The Company adopted the standard as of January 1, 2020 and included these disclosures in the condensed consolidated financial statements. The additional elements of this release did not impact the Company's condensed consolidated financial statements.
 
In December 2019, the FASB issued ASU 2019-12, Income Taxes (ASU 2019-02): Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes which simplifies the accounting for income taxes by removing certain exceptions related to the approach for intraperiod tax allocation, the methodology for calculating income taxes in an interim period, and by clarifying and amending existing guidance in order to improve consistent application of and simplify GAAP for other areas of Topic 740. ASU 2019-12 is effective for annual periods, and interim periods within those annual periods, beginning after December 15, 2020. Early adoption is permitted, including adoption in an interim period. The Company early adopted the standard effective January 1, 2020. The new standard was applied to the presentation of the Company’s reacquisition of $0.3 million and $16.5 million in equity component of the 2021 and 2024 Notes, respectively, as a result of the private purchase in February 2020.

Recently Issued Accounting Standards

In March 2020, the FASB issued ASU 2020-04 Reference Rate Reform (ASC 848): Facilitation of the Effects of Reference Rate Reform on Financial Reporting. The ASU provides optional expedients and exceptions to the US GAAP guidance on contract modifications and hedge accounting to ease the financial reporting burdens related to the expected market transition from the London Interbank Offered Rate (LIBOR) and other interbank offered rates to alternative reference rates. The amendments in the ASU are effective for all entities as of March 12, 2020 through December 31, 2022. The Company is currently evaluating the impact this guidance may have on its consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.


    



13


NOTE 2. REVENUE
 
Disaggregated Revenue
 
The following table summarizes revenue from contracts with customers for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 (in thousands):
 
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
 
2020
 
2019
Product sales, net
 
 
 
 
CAMBIA
 
$
6,274

 
$
8,808

Zipsor
 
2,331

 
4,231

Gralise
 
547

 
13,278

Total neurology product sales, net
 
9,152

 
26,317

NUCYNTA and Lazanda product sales adjustments
 
100

 
133

Total product sales, net
 
9,252

 
26,450

Commercialization agreement, net
 
11,258

 
30,856

Royalties and milestone revenue
 
407

 
623

Total revenues
 
$
20,917

 
$
57,929

 

Product Sales

For the three months ended March 31, 2020, neurology product sales consisted primarily of sales from CAMBIA and Zipsor. The Company completed the sale of Gralise to Alvogen on January 10, 2020, and therefore ceased recognizing product sales related to Gralise effective the transaction close date.  

The Company ceased recognizing product sales related to NUCYNTA in January 2018 as discussed below under Commercialization Agreement. The Company divested and ceased recognizing product sales related to Lazanda in November 2017. Product sales related to NUCYNTA and Lazanda during the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 relate to sales reserve estimate adjustments related to sales recognized in prior periods. 

 
Commercialization Agreement
 
In December 2017, the Company and Collegium entered into the Commercialization Agreement (Commercialization Agreement), pursuant to which the Company granted Collegium the right to commercialize the NUCYNTA franchise of pain products in the U.S.  Pursuant to the Commercialization Agreement, Collegium assumed all commercialization responsibilities for the NUCYNTA franchise effective January 9, 2018, including sales and marketing. In November 2018 the Company entered into an amendment to the Commercialization Agreement (Commercialization Amendment). Prior to the November 2018 amendment, the consideration related to the license and facilitation services was fixed and recognized ratably over the contract term. Following the November 2018 amendment, the royalty payments represented variable consideration that are subject to the sales-based royalty exception for licenses of intellectual property and are recognized at the later of (i) when the subsequent product sales occur or (ii) the performance obligation, to which some or all of the sales-based royalty has been allocated, has been satisfied.
Effective as of February 13, 2020, the Company divested its rights, title and interest in and to its NUCYNTA franchise of products in the U.S. to Collegium. In connection with the sale, the Commercialization Agreement terminated at closing with certain specified provisions of the Commercialization Agreement surviving in accordance with the terms of the purchase agreement.    

For the three months ended March 31, 2020, the Company recognized net revenue from the Commercialization Agreement of $11.3 million. This included variable royalty revenue for the three months ended March 31, 2020 of $13.1 million offset by the amortization of the $1.8 million net contract asset in connection with the termination of the Commercialization Agreement as a result of the divestiture of NUCYNTA to Collegium.


14


During the three ended March 31, 2019, the Company recognized $1.0 million of net expense related to the third-party royalties which were paid by Collegium on behalf of Assertio. Collegium paid the full royalty owed to the third-party in 2019 and such amounts, over the course of the calendar year, had no net impact to the Company’s Consolidated Statement of Comprehensive Income.

Contract Assets
 
The following table presents changes in the Company’s contract assets as of March 31, 2020 (in thousands):
 
Balance as of
 
 
 
 
 
Balance as of
 
December 31, 2019
 
Additions
 
Deductions
 
March 31,
2020
Contract asset - Collegium, net
1,896

 

 
(1,896
)
 



The Collegium contract asset, net represented the conditional right to consideration for completed performance under the Commercialization Agreement arising from the transfer of inventory to Collegium on the date of closing of the agreement in January 2018 net of the contract liability of $10.0 million resulting from the upfront payment received and the $8.8 million of warrants received in connection with the Commercialization Amendment. In connection with the divestiture of NUCYNTA to Collegium the Company amortized the remaining balance of the contract asset in the first quarter of 2020.

Royalties & Milestones

In November 2010, we entered into a license agreement with Tribute Pharmaceuticals Canada Ltd. (now Nuvo Pharmaceuticals, Inc.) granting them the rights to commercially market CAMBIA in Canada. Nuvo independently contracts with manufacturers to produce a specific CAMBIA formulation in Canada. We receive royalties on net sales on a quarterly basis as well as certain one-time contingent milestone payments upon the occurrence of certain events. During the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, we recognized $0.4 million and $0.6 million of revenue related to CAMBIA in Canada, respectively.
    
NOTE 3. ACCOUNTS RECEIVABLES, NET
 
Accounts receivables, net, consist of the following (in thousands): 
 
March 31,
2020
 
December 31,
2019
Receivables related to product sales, net
$
12,427

 
$
38,353

Receivables from Collegium

 
4,104

Other
525

 
287

Total accounts receivable, net
$
12,952

 
$
42,744

 

As of March 31, 2020 and 2019, allowances for cash discounts for prompt payment were $0.4 million and $1.2 million, respectively.

NOTE 4.  INVENTORIES, NET
 
Inventories, net, consist of raw materials, work in process and finished goods and are stated at the lower of cost or market and consist of the following (in thousands): 
 
March 31,
2020
 
December 31, 2019
Raw materials
$
29

 
$
1,065

Work-in-process
153

 
426

Finished goods
336

 
1,921

Total
$
518

 
$
3,412




15


Inventory, net as of March 31, 2020 decreased as compared to December 31, 2019 as a result of the divestiture of Gralise in January 2020.

As of March 31, 2020 and 2019, inventory reserves were $0.1 million and $0.4 million, respectively.

NOTE 5.  INTANGIBLE ASSETS
 
The gross carrying amounts and net book values of intangible assets were as follows (in thousands): 
 
 
March 31, 2020
 
December 31, 2019
Product rights
 
Remaining Useful Life (In years)
 
Gross Carrying Amount
 
Accumulated Amortization
 
Disposition
 
Net Book Value
 
Gross Carrying Amount
 
Accumulated Amortization
 
Impairment
 
Net Book Value
NUCYNTA
 
 
$
830,188

 
$
(461,119
)
 
$
(369,069
)
 
$

 
$
1,019,978

 
$
(455,192
)
 
$
(189,790
)
 
$
374,996

CAMBIA
 
3.7
 
51,360

 
(32,311
)
 

 
19,049

 
51,360

 
(31,027
)
 

 
20,333

Zipsor
 
2.0
 
27,250

 
(22,628
)
 

 
4,622

 
27,250

 
(22,044
)
 

 
5,206

Total
 
 
 
$
908,798

 
$
(516,058
)
 
$
(369,069
)
 
$
23,671

 
$
1,098,588

 
$
(508,263
)
 
$
(189,790
)
 
$
400,535



Amortization expense was $7.8 million and $25.4 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively.
    
In February 2020, the Company divested its remaining rights, title and interest in and to the NUCYNTA franchise of products from the Company. As a result, the Company derecognized the remaining carrying value of $369.1 million of the NUCYNTA product rights.

Based on finite-lived intangible assets recorded as of March 31, 2020, and assuming the underlying assets will not be impaired and that the Company will not change the expected lives of the assets, future amortization expenses were estimated as follows (in thousands): 
Year Ending December 31,
 
Estimated Amortization Expense
2020 (remainder)
 
$
5,605

2021
 
7,473

2022
 
5,668

Thereafter
 
4,925

Total
 
$
23,671


NOTE 6.  ACCRUED LIABILITIES
 
Accrued liabilities consist of the following (in thousands): 
 
March 31,
2020
 
December 31,
2019
Accrued compensation
$
4,913

 
$
6,188

Accrued consent fees
4,500

 

Accrued taxes payable
2,241

 
295

Accrued restructuring costs
1,332

 
3,763

Other accrued liabilities
11,730

 
8,702

Total accrued liabilities
$
24,716

 
$
18,948

 
NOTE 7.  STOCK-BASED COMPENSATION


16


The Company’s stock-based compensation generally includes stock options, restricted stock units (RSUs), performance share units (PSUs), and purchases under the Company’s employee stock purchase plan (ESPP).
 
The following table presents stock‑based compensation expense recognized in the Company’s Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (in thousands):
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2020
 
2019
Cost of sales
$
23

 
$

Research and development expense
163

 
273

Selling, general and administrative expense
1,748

 
2,429

Restructuring

 

Total
$
1,934

 
$
2,702


 
At March 31, 2020, the Company had $0.9 million of total unrecognized compensation expense related to stock option grants that will be recognized over an average vesting period of 1.22 years and $14.6 million of total unrecognized compensation expense related to RSUs and PSUs that will be recognized over an average vesting period of 2.24 years.
 
During the three months ended March 31, 2020 the Company granted 3.6 million RSUs at an average fair market value of $1.05 per share. The Company did not grant any PSUs or options during three months ended March 31, 2020.

17


NOTE 8.  DEBT
 
Senior Notes
 
On April 2, 2015, the Company issued $575.0 million aggregate principal amount of senior secured notes (the Senior Notes) for aggregate gross proceeds of approximately $562.0 million pursuant to a Note Purchase Agreement dated March 12, 2015 (Note Purchase Agreement), among the Company and Deerfield Private Design Fund III, L.P., Deerfield Partners, L.P., Deerfield International Master Fund, L.P., Deerfield Special Situations Fund, L.P., Deerfield Private Design Fund II, L.P., Deerfield Private Design International II, L.P., BioPharma Secured Investments III Holdings Cayman LP, Inteligo Bank Ltd. and Phemus Corporation (collectively, the Purchasers) and Deerfield Private Design Fund III, L.P., as collateral agent. The Company used $550.0 million of the net proceeds received upon the sale of the Senior Notes to fund a portion of the Purchase Price paid to Janssen Pharma in connection with the NUCYNTA acquisition.
 
The Senior Notes had a maturity date of April 14, 2021 (unless earlier prepaid or repurchased), were secured by substantially all of the assets of the Company and any subsidiary guarantors, and bore interest at the rate equal to the lesser of (i) 9.75% over the three month London Inter-Bank Offer Rate (LIBOR), subject to a floor of 1.0% and (ii) 11.95% (through the third anniversary of the purchase date) and 12.95% (thereafter). The interest rate was determined at the first business day of each fiscal quarter, commencing with the first such date following April 2, 2015. The interest rate for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 was 11.65% and 12.54%, respectively.

As of February 13, 2020, the Company had repaid in full all outstanding indebtedness, and terminated all commitments and obligations, under its Note Purchase Agreement. The Company used proceeds from the sale of Gralise and NUCYNTA to repay the outstanding principal of $162.5 million. In addition, the Company paid approximately $4.9 million and $4.4 million in prepayment premiums and accrued exit fees, respectively, plus accrued but unpaid interest. In connection with the termination of the Note Purchase Agreement, the Company was released from all security interests, liens and encumbrances under the Note Purchase Agreement.

During the three months ended March 31, 2020, the Company recognized a loss on debt extinguishment of $8.2 million, composed of the $4.9 million prepayment fee and $3.3 million of unamortized debt discount and debt issuance costs, recognized as part of Loss on debt extinguishment in the Company’s Consolidated Statement of Comprehensive Income.

The following is a summary of the carrying value of the Senior Notes as of December 31, 2019 (in thousands): 
 
 
December 31,
2019
Principal amount of the Senior Notes
 
$
162,500

Unamortized debt discount balance
 
(4,035
)
Unamortized debt issuance costs
 
(2,022
)
Total Senior Notes
 
$
156,443


Debt discount and debt issuance costs were amortized as interest expense using the effective interest method. The following is a summary of interest expense for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 (in thousands): 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2020
 
2019
Contractual interest expense
$
1,648

 
$
8,206

Amortization of debt discount and debt issuance costs
2,699

 
1,357

Total interest expense Senior Notes
$
4,347

 
$
9,563

 
    
    
2.50% Convertible Senior Notes Due 2021
 
On September 9, 2014, the Company issued $345.0 million aggregate principal amount of 2.50% Convertible Senior Notes Due 2021 (the 2021 Notes) which mature on September 1, 2021 and bear interest at the rate of 2.50% per annum, payable semi-annually in arrears on March 1 and September 1 of each year, beginning March 1, 2015.

On August 13, 2019, the Company exchanged (the Convertible Note Exchange) $200.0 million aggregate principal amount of the 2021 Notes for a combination of (a) its new $120.0 million aggregate principal amount of 5.00% Convertible

18


Senior Notes due August 15, 2024 (the 2024 Notes), (b) an aggregate cash payment of $30.0 million, and (c) an aggregate of 15.8 million shares of the Company’s common stock. The Company did not receive any cash proceeds from the issuance of the 2024 Notes or the issuance of the shares of its common stock. Upon completion of the Convertible Note Exchange, the aggregate principal amount of the 2021 Notes was reduced by $200.0 million to $145.0 million, the unamortized debt discount and debt issuance costs was reduced by $26.1 million to $18.9 million and the carrying amount of the equity component was reduced by $6.2 million to $112.8 million.

On February 19, 2020, the Company entered into separate, privately negotiated purchase agreements (Purchase Agreements) with a limited number of holders of the Company’s currently outstanding 2021 Notes and 2024 Notes. The Company used proceeds from the sale of Gralise and NUCYNTA to repurchase $102.5 million aggregate principal amount of 2021 Notes for a cash payment plus accrued but unpaid interest.

The repurchase of the 2021 Notes was accounted for in accordance with ASC 470-50, Debt Modifications and Extinguishments (ASC 470-50). During the three months ended March 31, 2020, the Company recognized a $10.3 million loss on debt extinguishment, which represented the difference between the carrying value and the fair value of the 2021 Notes just prior to the repurchase plus transaction costs. The Company also recognized reacquisition of $0.3 million in additional paid-in capital related to the equity component of the 2021 Notes based on the excess of the fair value of total considerations provided against the fair value of the 2021 Notes just prior to the repurchase. As a result of the transaction, the aggregate principal amount of the 2021 Notes was reduced to $42.5 million, the unamortized debt discount and debt issuance costs was reduced by $10.3 million to $4.3 million and the carrying amount of the equity component was reduced by $0.3 million to $112.5 million.

The closing price of the Company’s common stock did not exceed 130% of the $19.24 conversion price, for the required period during the quarter ended March 31, 2020. As a result, the 2021 Notes were not convertible as of March 31, 2020.

The following is a summary of the liability component of the 2021 Notes as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019 (in thousands):
 
March 31,
2020
 
December 31,
2019
Principal amount of the 2021 Notes
$
42,465

 
$
145,000

Unamortized discount of the liability component
(3,767
)
 
(14,963
)
Unamortized debt issuance costs
(184
)
 
(725
)
Total 2021 Notes
$
38,514

 
$
129,312



The debt discount and debt issuance costs are being amortized as interest expense using the effective interest method. The following is a summary of interest expense for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 (in thousands):
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2020
 
2019
Stated coupon interest
$
607

 
$
2,156

Amortization of debt discount and debt issuance costs
1,469

 
4,807

Total interest expense 2021 Notes
$
2,076

 
$
6,963

 

5.00% Convertible Senior Notes Due 2024

On August 13, 2019, as part of the Convertible Note Exchange, the Company issued $120.0 million aggregate principal of 2024 Notes which mature on August 14, 2024 and bear interest at a rate of 5.0%, payable semiannually in arrears on February 15 and August 15 of each year, beginning on February 15, 2020.

On February 19, 2020, the Company entered into separate, privately negotiated purchase agreements (Purchase Agreements) with a limited number of holders of the Company’s currently outstanding 2021 Notes and 2024 Notes. The Company used proceeds from the sale of Gralise and NUCYNTA to repurchase $85.5 million aggregate principal amount of 2024 Notes for a cash payment plus accrued but unpaid interest.

The repurchase of the 2024 Notes was accounted for in accordance with ASC 470-50, Debt Modifications and Extinguishments (ASC 470-50). During the three months ended March 31, 2020 the Company recognized a $21.3 million loss

19


on debt extinguishment, which represented the difference between the carrying value and the fair value of the 2024 Notes just prior to the repurchase plus transaction costs. The Company also recognized reacquisition of $16.8 million in additional paid-in capital related to the equity component of the 2024 Notes based on the excess of the fair value of total considerations provided against the fair value of the 2024 Notes just prior to the repurchase. As a result of the transaction, the aggregate principal amount of the 2024 Notes was reduced to $34.5 million, the unamortized debt discount and debt issuance costs was reduced by $38.1 million to $15.4 million and the carrying amount of the equity component was reduced by $16.5 million to $16.1 million.
    
The 2024 Notes are not convertible or redeemable as of March 31, 2020. The following is a summary of the liability component of the 2024 Notes as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019 (in thousands):
 
March 31,
2020
 
December 31, 2019
Principal amount of the 2024 Notes
$
34,522

 
$
120,000

Unamortized discount of the liability component
(14,373
)
 
(51,701
)
Unamortized debt issuance costs
(797
)
 
(2,796
)
Total 2024 Notes
$
19,352

 
$
65,503



The debt discount and debt issuance costs are being amortized as interest expense using the effective interest method. The following is a summary of interest expense for the 2024 Notes for three months ended March 31, 2020 (in thousands):
 
Three Months Ended March 31, 2020
Stated coupon interest
$
1,047

Amortization of debt discount and debt issuance costs
1,219

Total interest expense 2024 Notes
$
2,266



On March 11, 2020, the Company initiated a tender offer to repurchase any and all of the Company’s remaining $77.0 million of combined outstanding 2021 Notes and 2024 Notes. As a result of the Company’s intention to settle in cash the total remaining outstanding aggregate principal, the liability component of the 2021 Notes and 2024 Notes are classified as part of Convertible notes, current portion on the Company’s Consolidated Balance Sheet as of March 31, 2020.

NOTE 9.  LEASES

The Company has non-cancelable operating leases for its office and laboratory facilities, automobiles used by its sales force, and certain operating leases for office equipment.

The Company relocated its corporate headquarters from Newark, California to Lake Forest, Illinois in 2018 and subsequently entered into two subleases which, together, account for the entirety of the Newark facility. Each sublease contained abated rent periods resulting in reduced operating lease cash flows through May 2019. Operating lease costs and sublease income related to the Newark facility are accounted for in Other in the Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income. The Company has the right to renew the term of the Lake Forest lease for one period of five years, provided that written notice is made to the Landlord no later than twelve months prior to the expiration of the initial term of the Lease. 

Lease expense during the period included the following (in thousands):
 
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
Financial Statement Classification
 
2020
 
2019
Operating lease cost
Selling, general and administrative expenses
 
$
157

 
$
187

Operating lease cost
Other
 
148

 
148

Total lease cost
 
 
$
305

 
$
335

 
 
 
 
 
 
Sublease Income
Other
 
$
347

 
$
362




20


NOTE 10.  COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

 
Purchase and Other Commitments

As of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, the Company had non‑cancelable purchase orders and minimum purchase obligations related to manufacturing agreements of approximately $0.7 million and $3.6 million, respectively. Additionally, the Company had non‑cancelable purchase orders related to consulting services of approximately $1.8 million and $2.4 million as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively.


Legal Matters

Glumetza Antitrust Litigation
Antitrust class actions and related direct antitrust actions have been filed in the Northern District of California against the Company and several other defendants relating to the drug Glumetza®. The named class representatives in the currently pending actions include Meijer, Inc., Bi-Lo, LLC, Winn-Dixie Logistics, Inc., City of Providence, and KPH Healthcare Services, Inc. These class representatives seek to represent a putative class of direct purchasers of Glumetza. In addition, several retailers, including CVS Pharmacy, Inc., Rite Aid Corporation, Walgreen Co., the Kroger Co., the Albertsons Companies, Inc., H-E-B, L.P., and Hy-Vee, Inc., have filed substantially similar direct antitrust claims based on alleged assignments of claims from direct purchaser wholesalers. On December 23, 2019, the Company filed a motion to dismiss all claims in the actions. That motion was heard by the District Court on February 20, 2020. On March 5, 2015 the District Court issued an order denying the motion to dismiss. However, based on the order on the motion, claims previously filed by a putative class of end payor plaintiffs were voluntarily dismissed.

These antitrust cases arise out of a Settlement and License Agreement (the Settlement) that the Company, Santarus, Inc. (Santarus) and Lupin Limited (Lupin) entered into in February 2012 that resolved patent infringement litigation filed by the Company against Lupin regarding Lupin’s Abbreviated New Drug Application for generic 500 mg and 1000 mg tablets of Glumetza. The antitrust plaintiffs allege, among other things, that the Settlement violated the antitrust laws because it allegedly included a “reverse payment” that caused Lupin to delay its entry in the market with a generic version of Glumetza. The alleged “reverse payment” is an alleged commitment on the part of the settling parties not to launch an authorized generic version of Glumetza for a certain period. The antitrust plaintiffs allege that the Company and its co-defendants, which include Lupin as well as Bausch Health (the alleged successor in interest to Santarus) are liable for damages under the antitrust laws for overcharges that the antitrust plaintiffs allege they paid when they purchased the branded version of Glumetza® due to delayed generic entry. Plaintiffs seek treble damages for alleged past harm, attorneys’ fees and costs.

The parties are currently conducting discovery, and briefing a motion by the direct purchasers seeking class certification. The Company intends to defend itself vigorously in these matters.

Securities Class Action Lawsuit and Related Matters

On August 23, 2017, the Company, its current chief executive officer and president, its former chief executive officer and president, and its former chief financial officer were named as defendants in a purported federal securities law class action filed in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California (the District Court). The action (Huang v. Depomed et al., No. 4:17-cv-4830-JST, N.D. Cal.) alleges violations of Sections 10(b) and 20(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and Rule 10b-5 relating to certain prior disclosures of the Company about its business, compliance, and operational policies and practices concerning the sales and marketing of its opioid products and contends that the conduct supporting the alleged violations affected the value of Company common stock and is seeking damages and other relief. In an amended complaint filed on February 6, 2018, the lead plaintiff (referred to in its pleadings as the Depomed Investor Group), which seeks to represent a class consisting of all purchasers of Company common stock between July 29, 2015 and August 7, 2017, asserted the same claims arising out of the same and similar disclosures against the Company and the same individuals as were involved in the original complaint. The Company and the individuals filed a motion to dismiss the amended complaint on April 9, 2018. On March 18, 2019, the District Court granted the motion to dismiss without prejudice, and the plaintiffs filed a second amended complaint on May 2, 2019. The second amended complaint asserted the same claims arising out of the same and similar disclosures against the Company and the same individuals as were involved in the original complaint. The Company and the individuals filed a motion to dismiss the second amended complaint on June 17, 2019. The lead plaintiff filed an opposition to the motion on August 1, 2019. The Company and the individuals filed a reply in support of their motion to

21


dismiss on August 30, 2019. The District Court held oral argument on December 18, 2019. On March 11, 2020, the District Court granted the motion to dismiss the second amended complaint. On April 9, 2020, the plaintiffs filed a notice of appeal with the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit. The Company believes that the action is without merit and intends to contest it vigorously.

In addition, five shareholder derivative actions were filed on behalf of the Company against its officers and directors for breach of fiduciary duty, unjust enrichment, abuse of control, gross mismanagement, waste of corporate assets, and violations of the federal securities laws. The claims arise out of the same factual allegations as the class action. The first derivative action was filed in the Superior Court of California, Alameda County on September 29, 2017 (Singh v. Higgins et al., RG17877280). The second and third actions were filed in the Northern District of California on November 10, 2017 (Solak v. Higgins et al., No. 3:17-cv-6546-JST) and November 15, 2017 (Ross v. Fogarty et al., No. 3:17-cv-6592- JST). The fourth action was filed in the District of Delaware on December 21, 2018 (Lutz v. Higgins et al, No. 18-2044-CFC). The fifth derivative action was filed in the Superior Court of California, Alameda County on January 28, 2019 (Youse v. Higgins et al, No. HG19004409). On December 7, 2017, the plaintiffs in Solak v. Higgins, et al. voluntarily dismissed the first federal derivative action. The Ross, Singh, and Lutz actions were stayed on January 18, 2018, January 23, 2018, and January 11, 2019, respectively, pending the resolution of the motion to dismiss in the securities class action. On May 28, 2019, during a brief lift of the stay in the Singh and Youse actions while the parties’ motion to consolidate was pending, after having been ordered to respond to the Singh and Youse complaints, the Company did so by filing demurrers. On July 12, 2019, the Singh and Youse actions were consolidated, and the consolidated matter was stayed pending the resolution of the motion to dismiss in the federal class action. The plaintiffs have indicated that they intend to file an amended consolidated complaint. The Company believes that these actions are without merit and intends to contest them vigorously.

Opioid-Related Request and Subpoenas

As a result of the greater public awareness of the public health issue of opioid abuse, there has been increased scrutiny of, and investigation into, the commercial practices of opioid manufacturers generally by federal, state, and local regulatory and governmental agencies. In March 2017, the Company received a letter from then-Sen. Claire McCaskill (D-MO), the then-Ranking Member on the U.S. Senate Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs, requesting certain information from the Company regarding its historical commercialization of opioid products. The Company voluntarily furnished information responsive to Sen. McCaskill’s request. Since 2017, the Company has received and responded to subpoenas from the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) seeking documents and information regarding its historical sales and marketing of opioid products. The Company has also received and responded to subpoenas or civil investigative demands focused on its historical promotion and sales of Lazanda, NUCYNTA, and NUCYNTA ER from various state attorneys general seeking documents and information regarding the Company’s historical sales and marketing of opioid products. In addition, the Company received and responded to a subpoena from the State of California Department of Insurance (CDI) seeking information relating to its historical sales and marketing of Lazanda. The CDI subpoena also seeks information on Gralise, a non-opioid product formerly in the Company’s portfolio. Most recently, the Company received a subpoena from the New York Department of Financial Services seeking information relating to its historical sales and marketing of opioid products. The Company also from time to time receives and complies with subpoenas from governmental authorities related to investigations primarily focused on third parties, including healthcare practitioners. The Company is cooperating with the foregoing governmental investigations and inquiries.

Multidistrict Opioid Litigation
A number of pharmaceutical manufacturers, distributors and other industry participants have been named in numerous lawsuits around the country brought by various groups of plaintiffs, including city and county governments, hospitals and others. In general, the lawsuits assert claims arising from defendants’ manufacturing, distributing, marketing and promoting of FDA-approved opioid drugs. The specific legal theories asserted vary from case to case, but most of the lawsuits include federal and state statutory claims as well as claims arising under state common law. Plaintiffs seek various forms of damages, injunctive and other relief and attorneys’ fees and costs.
For such cases filed in or removed to federal court, the Judicial Panel on Multi-District Litigation issued an order in December 2017, establishing a Multi-District Litigation court (MDL Court) in the Northern District of Ohio (In re National Prescription Opiate Litigation, Case No. 1:17-MD-2804). Since that time, more than 2,000 such cases that were originally filed in U.S. District Courts, or removed to federal court from state court, have been transferred to the MDL Court. The Company is currently involved in a subset of the lawsuits that have been transferred to the MDL Court. The Company is also involved in other federal lawsuits that have not yet been transferred to the MDL Court pending a determination of whether those lawsuits should proceed in state or other originating court. Plaintiffs may file additional lawsuits in which the Company may be named. Plaintiffs in the pending federal cases involving the Company include individuals, county and municipal governmental entities,

22


employee benefit plans, health clinics and health insurance providers who assert federal and state statutory claims and state common law claims, such as conspiracy, nuisance, fraud, negligence, gross negligence, deceptive trade practices, and products liability claims (defective design/failure to warn). In these cases, plaintiffs seek a variety of forms of relief, including actual damages to compensate for alleged personal injuries and for alleged past and future costs such as to provide care and services to persons with opioid-related addiction or related conditions, injunctive relief, including to prohibit alleged deceptive marketing practices and abate an alleged nuisance, establishment of a compensation fund, disgorgement of profits, punitive and statutory treble damages, and attorneys’ fees and costs. These lawsuits are in the earliest stages of proceedings, and the Company intends to defend itself vigorously in these matters.
State Opioid Litigation
Related to the cases in the MDL Court noted above, there have been hundreds of similar lawsuits filed in state courts around the country, in which various groups of plaintiffs assert opioid-drug related claims against similar groups of defendants. The Company is currently named in a subset of those cases, including cases in Alabama, Florida, Illinois, Missouri, Pennsylvania, Texas and Utah. Plaintiffs may file additional lawsuits in which the Company may be named. In the pending cases involving the Company, plaintiffs are asserting state common law and statutory claims against the defendants similar in nature to the claims asserted in the MDL cases. Plaintiffs are seeking past and future damages, disgorgement of profits, injunctive relief, punitive and statutory treble damages, and attorneys’ fees and costs. These lawsuits are likewise in their earliest stages, and the Company intends to defend itself vigorously in these matters.
Insurance Litigation
On January 15, 2019, the Company was named as a defendant in a declaratory judgment action filed by Navigators Specialty Insurance Company (Navigators) in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California (Case No. 3:19-cv-255). Navigators is the Company’s primary product liability insurer. Navigators is seeking declaratory judgment that opioid litigation claims noticed by the Company (as further described above under “Multidistrict Opioid Litigation” and “State Opioid Litigation”) are not covered by the Company’s life sciences liability policies with Navigators. The Company filed a counterclaim on February 28, 2019. Navigators filed an answer on April 11, 2019. This litigation is ongoing. The parties expect to file summary judgment briefing relating to Navigators’ duty to defend the opioid litigation in the third quarter of 2020, and to receive a ruling in 2021.
General
The Company cannot reasonably predict the outcome of the legal proceedings described above, nor can the Company estimate the amount of loss, range of loss or other adverse consequence, if any, that may result from these proceedings or the amount of any gain in the event the Company prevails in litigation involving a claim for damages. As such the Company is not currently able to estimate the impact of the above litigation on its financial position or results of operations.
The Company may from time to time become party to actions, claims, suits, investigations or proceedings arising from the ordinary course of its business, including actions with respect to intellectual property claims, breach of contract claims, labor and employment claims and other matters. The Company may also become party to further litigation in federal and state courts relating to opioid drugs. Although actions, claims, suits, investigations and proceedings are inherently uncertain and their results cannot be predicted with certainty, other than the matters set forth above, the Company is not currently involved in any matters that the Company believes may have a material adverse effect on its business, results of operations or financial condition. However, regardless of the outcome, litigation can have an adverse impact on the Company because of associated cost and diversion of management time.

23


NOTE 11.  RESTRUCTURING CHARGES

The Company continually evaluates its operations to identify opportunities to streamline operations and optimize operating efficiencies as an anticipation to changes in the business environment. In November 2019, the Company announced an acceleration of cost-saving initiatives that included a decision to discontinue its relationship with its contract sales organization, a reduction in the use of certain outside vendors and consultants, and the reorganization of certain functions resulting in a reduction of staff at its headquarters office and remote positions during the fourth quarter of 2019. The 2019 cost-saving initiative was substantially complete as of December 31, 2019. As a result, $3.9 million of severance and benefits costs for the reduction of staff were recognized during the year ended December 31, 2019. The Company does not expect to incur future costs related to the 2019 cost-saving initiative.

Selected information relating to accrued restructuring, severance costs and one-time termination costs is as follows (in thousands):
 
Employee compensation costs
Balance at December 31, 2019
$
3,763

Cash paid
(2,431
)
Balance at March 31, 2020
$
1,332


 
As of March 31, 2020, the full $1.3 million accrued restructuring liability balance was classified as a current liability in the Consolidated Balance Sheet.

NOTE 12.  NET INCOME (LOSS) PER SHARE

Basic net (loss) income per share is calculated by dividing the net (loss) income by the weighted-average number of shares of common stock outstanding during the period. Diluted net (loss) income per share is calculated by dividing the net income by the weighted-average number of shares of common stock outstanding during the period, plus potentially dilutive common shares, consisting of stock options and convertible debt. The Company uses the treasury-stock method to compute diluted earnings per share with respect to its stock options and equivalents. The Company uses the if-converted method to compute diluted earnings per share with respect to its convertible debt. For purposes of this calculation, options to purchase stock are considered to be potential common shares and are only included in the calculation of diluted net (loss) income per share when their effect is dilutive. Basic and diluted earnings per common share are calculated as follows (in thousands, except for per share amounts):
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
 
2020
 
2019
Basic net income (loss) per share
 
 
 
 
Net income (loss)
 
$
41,230

 
$
(14,301
)
Weighted average common shares outstanding
 
70,940

 
64,239

Basic net income (loss) per share
 
$
0.58

 
$
(0.22
)
 
 
 
 
 
Diluted net income (loss) per share
 
 
 
 
Net income (loss)
 
$
41,230

 
$
(14,301
)
Weighted average common shares outstanding
 
70,940

 
64,239

Add: effect of dilutive stock options, awards, and equivalents
 
111

 

Denominator for diluted income (loss) per share
 
71,051

 
64,239

Diluted net income (loss) per share
 
$
0.58

 
$
(0.22
)

 
The following table sets forth outstanding potentially dilutive common shares that are not included in the computation of diluted net income (loss) per share because to do so would be anti-dilutive (in thousands):

24


 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
 
2020
 
2019
2.5% Convertible Notes debt 2021
 
5,111

 
17,931

5.0% Convertible Notes debt 2024
 
26,248

 

Stock options, awards and equivalents
 
7,144

 
6,103

Total potentially dilutive common shares
 
38,503

 
24,034




25


NOTE 13.  FAIR VALUE

Fair value is defined as the exchange price that would be received for an asset or paid to transfer a liability (an exit price) in the principal or most advantageous market for the asset or liability in an orderly transaction between market participants on the measurement date. Valuation techniques used to measure fair value must maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs.
 
Level 1: Quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.
Level 2: Inputs other than Level 1 that are observable, either directly or indirectly, such as quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities; quoted prices in markets that are not active; or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data for substantially the full term of the assets or liabilities.
Level 3: Unobservable inputs that are supported by little or no market activity and that are significant to the fair value of the assets or liabilities.

The following tables represent the Company’s fair value hierarchy for its financial assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019 (in thousands):
March 31, 2020
 
Financial Statement Classification
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
 
Total
Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Collegium warrants
 
Investments, net
 
$

 
$
6,483

 
$

 
$
6,483

Total
 
 
 
$

 
$
6,483

 
$

 
$
6,483

December 31, 2019
 
Financial Statement Classification
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
 
Total
Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Collegium warrants
 
Investments, net
 
$

 
$
9,629

 
$

 
$
9,629

Total
 
 
 
$

 
$
9,629

 
$

 
$
9,629



The fair value of the warrants to purchase Collegium’s common stock was calculated using the Black-Scholes option pricing model. As of March 31, 2020, the significant inputs included the fair value of Collegium’s common stock of $16.33, an expected term of 2.61 years and a risk-free rate of 0.27%. The expected term was based on the remaining contractual period of 2.61 years, and the volatility was determined using Collegium’s historical common stock volatility over the expected term. For the three months ended March 31, 2020, the Company recorded a loss of $3.1 million in Other for the change in fair value of the Collegium warrants
 
The Company estimates the fair value of its convertible notes based on a market approach which represents a Level 2 valuation. The estimated fair value of the 2.50% Convertible Senior Notes Due 2021, which the Company issued on September 9, 2014, was approximately $42.2 million (par value $42.5 million) and $108.1 million (par value $145.0 million) as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively. The estimated fair value of the 5.00% Convertible Senior Notes Due 2024, which the Company issued on August 13, 2019, was approximately $34.3 million (par value $34.5 million) and $81.6 million (par value $120.0 million) as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively. The principal amount of the Senior Notes approximates their fair value as of December 31, 2019 and represented a Level 2 valuation. The Senior Notes were fully repaid as of March 31, 2020. When determining the estimated fair value of the Company’s debt, the Company uses a commonly accepted valuation methodology and market-based risk measurements that are indirectly observable, such as credit risk. 
 
There were no transfers between Level 1, Level 2 or Level 3 of the fair value hierarchy during the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019.


26


NOTE 14.  INCOME TAXES
 
As of March 31, 2020, our net deferred tax assets are fully offset by a valuation allowance. The valuation allowance is determined in accordance with the provisions of ASC 740, Income taxes, which require an assessment of both negative and positive evidence when measuring the need for a valuation allowance.  Based on the weight of available evidence, the Company recorded a full valuation allowance against the Company’s net deferred assets beginning in the fourth quarter of 2016. The Company continued to provide a full valuation allowance against the Company’s net deferred assets in subsequent quarters. The Company reassesses the need for a valuation allowance on a quarterly basis.  If it is determined that a portion or all of the valuation allowance is not required, it will generally be a benefit to the income tax provision in the period such determination is made.
 
On March 27, 2020, President Trump signed the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security (“CARES”) Act, a massive tax-and-spending package intended to provide additional economic relief to address the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. The CARES Act, among other business tax provisions, included legislative changes and updates to IRC sections 172, 163(j), and 168, resulting in impacting net operating losses, interest disallowance, and depreciation for qualified improvement property. The Company’s intention to carryback 2020 taxable loss to 2018 and 2019 resulted in the release of valuation allowance which was recorded to beginning deferred tax asset balance.  For the three months ended March 31, 2020, the Company recorded an expense from income taxes of approximately $2.0 million, which represents an effective tax rate of 4.7%. The difference between the income tax expense of $2.0 million and the tax at the statutory rate of 21.0% to date on current year operations is principally due to the partial release of valuation allowance recorded against the beginning of year deferred tax asset related the NOL carryback to the 2018 and 2019 tax years now permitted by the CARES Act.
 
For the three months ended March 31, 2019, the Company recorded an expense from income taxes of approximately $0.2 million that represents an effective tax rate of (1.5)%.  The difference between the recorded provision for income taxes and the income tax benefit based on the statutory federal tax rate of 21.0% was primarily attributable to the impact of the valuation allowance.
 
The Company files income tax returns in the United States federal jurisdiction and in various states, and the tax returns filed for the years 1997 through 2017 and the applicable statutes of limitation have not expired with respect to those returns. Because of net operating losses and unutilized R&D credits, substantially all of the Company’s tax years remain open to examination. The Company exhausted all the federal research and development credit in the 2018 tax return. Although the NOL carryback from CARES Act will result in making R&D credit utilized in 2018 available for future use, the percentage of unrecognized tax benefit against the R&D credit remains reserved, and the rest will be offset by valuation allowance.  Interest and penalties, if any, related to unrecognized tax benefits, would be recognized as income tax expense by the Company. At March 31, 2020 the Company did not have any accrued interest and penalties associated with unrecognized tax benefits.

NOTE 15. ACQUISITIONS AND DISPOSITIONS

Sale of Gralise

On December 12, 2019, the Company entered into a purchase agreement with Golf Acquiror LLC, an affiliate of Alvogen, Inc. (Alvogen) to divest its rights, title and interest in and to Gralise, including certain related assets, to Alvogen. The transaction subsequently closed on January 10, 2020. At closing, the Company received $78.6 million, including a $75.0 million base purchase price and a preliminary positive inventory adjustment equal to $3.6 million. In addition, the Company is entitled to receive 75% of Alvogen’s first $70.0 million of Gralise net sales after closing, a total of $52.5 million, as contingent consideration. Alvogen has also assumed, pursuant to the terms of the Asset Purchase Agreement, certain contracts, liabilities and obligations of the Company relating to Gralise, including those related to manufacturing and supply, post-market commitments and clinical development costs.

Pursuant to ASC 205-20, Presentation of Financial Statements— Discontinued Operations, Gralise did not meet the criteria of a discontinued operation as it was not considered a component of an entity that comprises operations and cash flows that can be clearly distinguished, operationally and for financial reporting purposes, from the rest of the Company, nor did it represent a strategic shift of the Company. The Company accounted for the divestiture under ASC 610-20 Other Income - Derecognition of Nonfinancial Assets. The Company recognized a gain of $127.5 million in Other income on the Company’s Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income composed of the $78.6 million in upfront consideration received and $52.5 million in contingent consideration deemed to be probable, net of $3.6 million in inventory transferred. The net remaining contingent consideration receivable as of March 31, 2020 is recognized and presented separately as a current asset on the

27


Company’s Consolidated Balance Sheet. In addition, the Company recognized co-promotion service income of approximately $1.3 million during the three months ended March 31, 2020. Co-promotion services were completed as of March 31, 2020.


Termination of Slán Agreements

On November 7, 2017, the Company entered into an agreement with Slán Medicinal Holdings Limited (Slán) under which it (i) acquired from Slán certain rights to market the specialty drug, long-acting cosyntropin in the U.S. and (ii) divested to Slán all of its rights to Lazanda® (fentanyl) nasal spray CII. As consideration for this acquisition, the Company provided the seller all of the rights and obligations, as defined under the arrangement, associated with Lazanda and together with $5.0 million in cash to Slán.

As outlined in the Slán Agreements, each party would support the development, including clinical development, of the licensed product and efforts to obtain regulatory approval of the initial NDA. Subsequent to approval of the initial NDA, Assertio and Slán would share in the net sales of long-acting cosyntropin for a 10-year period (after which time the product will revert back to Slán). As of December 31, 2019, the Company had $2.0 million of reimbursable development expenses in Prepaid and other current assets on the Company’s consolidated balance sheet.

On February 6, 2020, the Company entered into an amended agreement with Eolas Pharma Teoranta (Eolas), an affiliate of Slán. Pursuant to the amendment the license granted to the Company for the commercialization of long-acting cosyntropin was terminated and the Company received $2.0 million in settlement of the December 31, 2019 receivable for reimbursable development expenses. Additionally, the Company may receive up to $10.0 million in future payments based upon commercial sales of long-acting cosyntropin if Eolas successfully obtains regulatory approval for and commercializes the product.


Sale of NUCYNTA
    
On February 6, 2020, the Company entered into a purchase agreement with Collegium, to divest its remaining rights, title and interest in and to the NUCYNTA franchise of products from the Company, and assumed certain contracts, liabilities and obligations of the Company relating to the NUCYNTA products, including those related to manufacturing and supply, post-market commitments and clinical development costs. The transaction subsequently closed on February 13, 2020.

The Company received $367.9 million in net proceeds, which consisted of $375.0 million in base purchase price, plus $6.0 million in preliminary positive inventory value and less $13.1 million for royalties paid to the Company by Collegium between January 1, 2020 and February 11, 2010 pursuant to the Final Commercialization Agreement Payment Value of the Asset Purchase Agreement. In connection with the sale, the Company entered into a third-party consent agreement which requires two lump sum payments of $4.5 million each payable in 2021 and 2022 subject to Collegium achieving certain net sales in 2020 and 2021, respectively.

Since January 9, 2018, Collegium has been responsible for the commercialization of NUCYNTA in the U.S., including sales and marketing, and the Company received royalties based on certain net sales thresholds, in accordance with the Commercialization Agreement. The Commercialization Agreement terminated at closing with certain specified provisions of the Commercialization Agreement surviving in accordance with the terms of the Purchase Agreement.

Pursuant to ASC 205-20, the divestiture of NUCYNTA did not meet the criteria of a discontinued operation as it was not considered a strategic shift. The Company accounted for the divestiture under ASC 610-20 Other Income - Derecognition of Nonfinancial Assets. During the three months ended March 31, 2020, the Company recognized a net loss of $15.8 million in Other income which was comprised of the $367.9 million in consideration received less the $369.1 million carrying value of the NUCYNTA intangible derecognized, $5.6 million in net book value of inventory transferred, and $9.0 million in accrued third-party consent fees.

NOTE 16. SUBSEQUENT EVENTS

On March 11, 2020, the Company initiated a tender offer to repurchase any and all of the Company’s remaining $77.0 million of combined outstanding 2021 Notes and 2024 Notes. On April 8, 2020, the Company announced the completion and

28


final results for its cash tender offers which the Company settled approximately $76.7 million aggregate principal amount of the outstanding 2021 Notes and 2024 Notes with only $0.3 million of 2021 notes remaining.


    

29


ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF
OPERATIONS
FORWARD-LOOKING INFORMATION
 
Statements made in this “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q that are not statements of historical fact are forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the Securities Act), and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the Exchange Act). We have based these forward-looking statements on our current expectations and projections about future events. Our actual results could differ materially from those discussed in, or implied by, these forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements are identified by words such as “believe,” “anticipate,” “expect,” “intend,” “plan,” “will,” “may” and other similar expressions. In addition, any statements that refer to expectations, projections or other characterizations of future events or circumstances are forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements include, but are not necessarily limited to, those relating to:
the potential impacts of the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic on the Company’s liquidity, capital resources, operations and business and those of the third parties on wh